A Practical Manual on Visual Screening for Cervical Neoplasia

IARC Technical Publication No. 41

Authors: Sankaranarayanan R, Wesley RS


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This book is a teaching manual on visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and with Lugol’s iodine (VILI) to train health personnel, especially in developing countries, with the aim to detect this disease in the early pre-invasive phase and save women’s lives. The two simple, low-technology screening tests – based on the ability of the trained health-care personnel to detect acetowhite areas, or yellow non-iodine uptake areas, in the cervical transformation zone – are being evaluated as potential alternatives to cervical cytology.