Cobalt in Hard Metals and Cobalt Sulfate, Gallium Arsenide, Indium Phosphide and Vanadium Pentoxide

IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans Volume 86



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This monograph evaluates the evidence of carcinogenicity of metallic cobalt particles with or without tungsten carbide, to which workers in the hard-metal industry are exposed, and of cobalt sulfate and other soluble cobalt (II) salts. It also evaluates three other particulate compounds: gallium arsenide and indium phosphide, which are used extensively in the microelectronics industry; and vanadium pentoxide, a contaminant at facilities refining and processing vanadium-rich ores and in various workplaces that use oil-fired boilers and furnaces.